Locking into a New Plating Line

Article From: Products Finishing, , from Products Finishing

Posted on: 12/1/2002

The new plating line at CompX helped it save money and time...

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plating copper/nickel plating line

CompX's plating copper/nickel plating line has helped reduce the amount of chemicals used, lowered operating costs and provided for faster turnaround on the locks it plates.

A specialized racking system

A specialized racking system helps the system plate the entire part, without developing "contact points."

A specialized racking system

A specialized racking system helps the system plate the entire part, without developing "contact points."

CompX International Security manufactures some of the finest security locks in the world. Its reputation has been such that it needed to expand its facility in Greenville, SC. The company knew, however, that the current electroplating system had to be revaluated as well. Existing rack and barrel lines had proven too labor intensive and used up too much valuable floor space to allow the company to expand beyond its current capabilities and still remain competitive. Company President David Bowers looked into alternative processing technology that would allow for the increased production the market was demanding while addressing issues of space and overall production costs.

In his search, Mr. Bowers learned of a fully automated processing technology that appeared to offer some alternatives to traditional rack and barrel processing. Mr. Bowers felt this may be the solution to the company's plating line dilemma. Mr. Bowers and engineering and facility manager, Jerry Green visited the manufacturer to learn more about the company and its experience in electroplating automation.

They learned how the plating system's patented part processing technology and custom designed enclosed plating systems could not only address the issue of labor cost and floor space but actually operate more efficiently and improve the quality of their locks.

Parts are processed continuously using a single piece flow approach, versus the batch approach of conventional rack plating lines. Individual parts are held by universal, non-marking plating clips designed to hold a large variety of different size and shape parts. Parts are loaded and unloaded using a vibratory track, and pick-and-place robotic feeder.

The continuous line plates copper and bright nickel as well as other finishes (See Fig. 1) on zinc diecast, brass and other base metals. CompX also has a conventional rack line for chromium and brass finishes. This line is scheduled for replacement with an SFT line later next year. The company also has a barrel line where it plates zinc, copper, brass, nickel and bright nickel and an oxidizer for antique finishes.

Figure 1. Plating Process on the SFT line at CompX
1. Load  
2. Soak clean 30 sec
3. Rinse 3 sec
4. Rinse 3 sec
5. Rinse 3 sec
6. Electroclean 30 sec
7. Rinse 3 sec
8. Rinse 3 sec
9. Rinse 3 sec
10. Acid activate 3 sec
11. Rinse 3 sec
12. Rinse 3 sec
13. Rinse 3 sec
14. Copper strike 30 sec
15. Copper plate 120 sec
16. Dragout 3 sec
17. Rinse 3 sec
18. Rinse 3 sec
19. Rinse 3 sec
20. Anodic clean 30 sec
21. Rinse 3 sec
22. Rinse 3 sec
23. Rinse 3 sec
24. Acid activate 3 sec
25. Rinse 3 sec
26. Rinse 3 sec
27. Rinse 3 sec
28. Bright nickel 120 sec
29. Dragout 3 sec
30. Rinse 3 sec
31. Rinse 3 sec
32. Rinse 3 sec
33. DI rinse 3 sec
34. Dry 30 sec
35. Unload  

When the information about the potential plating line was discussed with the manufacturing engineers at CompX, some were not easily convinced that the system could offer the results described. Bob Edwards and Wayne Holbrook of CompX worked closely with the manufacturer in developing a basic prototype plating cell. The cell was sent to CompX, and, after several weeks of testing, both men were convinced that the system would perform with the results everyone now expected. Parts are uniformly plated from beginning to end. Each time a part is run, the quality is the same.

The plating line computer controls the addition of several of the components in the nickel and copper tanks. The system is used to monitor temperature in the other tanks on the line and helps the efficiency and consistency.

Since the line was very compact and the process cells completely enclosed, CompX saved considerable money in the site plan. The plan was to installed the SFT line in the new air-conditioned manufacturing area, since the ventilation requirements were so low and no make-up air was needed. This also allowed CompX to save valuable manufacturing space, since the line was only 50% the size of the rack system.

Once the machine was built, a complete and extensive run-off was performed right at the factory. Modular construction allowed for the system to then be disassembled and shipped to CompX. The entire line was installed, leached and chemistry added in a short two weeks. Once the system went through the qualification and system de-bug, CompX was ready to see what this system would really do.

"One operator can load the entire line, compared to the 13 operators required to load on the rack line. Loading and turnaround time on jobs are now a fraction of what they once were. Reducing the labor in the plating area is obviously a tremendous value," said Jerry Green.

"But to reduce water by 75% and decrease the waste just makes a lot of sense, and this is only a part of the savings. Our quality in corrosion protection has improved as well as the overall appearance. All of this while reducing the amount of plating on the parts. The chemistry was slightly modified to improve current density as well as part-to-part distribution. Our overall utility costs on this line are half of what they are with our traditional rack line. We were also able to start the system with only 20% of the chemical makeup cost compared to the rack line; this was a savings in itself of $48,000.00. We can also get a much faster turn around on jobs. Jobs that took more than two hours on the rack line now take only 17 minutes on the new line. This system clearly has proven itself."

 

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